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Welcome to African Archaeology!

The Journal of African Archaeology is an international peer-reviewed periodical appearing half-yearly since 2003. It publishes original papers addressing recent research and developments in African archaeology and related disciplines. The journal's main purpose is to provide scholars and students with a new pan-African forum for discussing relevant topics on the cultural dynamics of past African societies.

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Vol. 6 (1) 2008

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A. Haour

The pottery sequence from Garumele (Niger) - a former Kanem-Borno capital?

Journal of African Archaeology, Volume 6 (1), 2008, pages 3-20, DOI 10.3213/1612-1651-10100

Abstract
The site of Garumele (Widi, Republic of Niger) has many times been described, not least because of its alleged connection to the early Kanem-Borno polity: it is said to have served as a capital after Njimi was abandoned, and before Birnin Gazargamo was built. But Garumele had never been subjected to systematic archaeological excavation, while in contrast neighbouring sites in Nigeria, with apparently a shared history, have been well studied in the past decades and detailed and systematic analyses made of the ceramics excavated. Accordingly, preliminary archaeological work was initiated at Garumele in 2005, with special attention to issues of ceramic traditions and chronology. This paper presents an overview of the research undertaken and the results of the pottery analysis. The latter are considered in relation to assemblages of the wider region in order to suggest how Garumele may fit, culturally and chronologically, within Kanem-Borno's activities.

Résumé
Le site de Garumele (Widi), République du Niger, a été maintes fois décrit, en partie en raison de sa supposée connexion avec les premiers temps de l'empire de Kanem-Borno; le site est censé avoir servi de capitale après l'abandon de Njimi, et avant la construction de Birnin Gazargamo. Garumele n'avait jamais fait l'objet de recherches archéologiques systématiques, alors que les zones voisines du Nigeria, qui apparemment partagent une histoire commune, ont été bien étudiées dans les dernières décennies et des analyses systématiques et détaillées ont été accomplies sur les céramiques issues de fouilles. Une mission pilote archéologique a ainsi été initiée à Garumele en 2005, portant une attention particulière aux questions de tradition et de chronologie céramiques. Cet article présente un aperçu du travail accompli et les résultats de l'analyse céramique. Ces derniers sont évalués en relation avec les assemblages de la région, afin d'indiquer comment Garumele s'inscrit, culturellement et chronologiquement, dans les activités du Kanem-Borno.




Keywords: ceramic analysis, Kanem-Borno, Niger, roulette, roulettes


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