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Welcome to African Archaeology!

The Journal of African Archaeology is an international peer-reviewed periodical appearing half-yearly since 2003. It publishes original papers addressing recent research and developments in African archaeology and related disciplines. The journal's main purpose is to provide scholars and students with a new pan-African forum for discussing relevant topics on the cultural dynamics of past African societies.

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Vol. 3 (2) 2005

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P. Lavachery, S. MacEachern, T. Bouimon, B. Gouem Gouem, P. Kinyock, J. Mbairo & O. Nkonkonda

Komé to Ebomé: archaeological research for the Chad Export Project, 1999-2003

Journal of African Archaeology, Vol. 3 (2), 2005, pages 175-193, DOI 10.3213/1612-1651-10049

Abstract
Over the past five years, archaeological survey and excavation has been undertaken in southern Chad and Cameroon, as the result of a cultural heritage management agreement between the governments of the two countries, the World Bank and a consortium of international oil companies. These initiatives were undertaken as part of the Chad Export Project, which involved the construction of an oil pipeline from Komé in southern Chad to the Atlantic coast of Cameroon near Ebomé. Research by archaeologists associated with the project has resulted in location and excavation of cultural remains along a 1070-kilometre transect, in part through regions of Africa where little research had previously been undertaken. This preliminary report examines the results of this research. Major results include: (1) the discovery of 470 sites in Chad and Cameroon; (2) the excavation of a mid- to late-Holocene stratified sequence in southern Cameroon; (3) the discovery of sites containing pit features in the forests of southern Cameroon between the Atlantic coast and Nanga Eboko, a larger area than had been indicated by previous research, and (4) the discovery of evidence for significant ironworking activity in the wooded savanna environments of northeastern Cameroon and southern Chad.

Résumé
Au cours des cinq dernières années, des prospections et des fouilles archéologiques ont été entreprises au Tchad et au Cameroun, à la suite d'un accord de gestion du patrimoine culturel entre les gouvernements des deux pays, la banque mondiale et un consortium de compagnies pétrolières internationales. Ce programme a été entrepris dans le cadre du «Chad Export Project», qui comprenait la construction d'un oléoduc reliant Komé au Tchad méridional à la côte atlantique du Cameroun, à Ebomé. Cette recherche, effectuée par des archéologues associés au projet, permis la découverte et la fouille de vestiges culturels le long d.un transect de 1070 kilomètres, notamment dans des régions de l'Afrique où très peu de recherche avait été entreprise précédemment. Ce rapport préliminaire examine les résultats majeurs de cette recherche, qui incluent: (1) la découverte de 470 sites au Tchad et au Cameroun; (2) la fouille d'un site stratifié couvrant toute la seconde moitié de l'Holocène au Cameroun méridional; (3) la découverte de sites à fosses dans les forêts du Cameroun méridional répartis de façon continue entre la côte atlantique et Nanga Eboko, sur une bien plus grande aire de distribution qu'on ne pensait précédemment, et (4) la découverte d'une industrie métallurgique significative dans les savanes boisées du Nord-Est Cameroun et du Tchad méridional.




Keywords: Central Africa, cultural heritage management, food production, iron technology, settlement systems


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