Login

Username:
Password:
Forgot password?

Search in our Journal

for:
in:

Welcome to African Archaeology!

The Journal of African Archaeology is an international peer-reviewed periodical appearing half-yearly since 2003. It publishes original papers addressing recent research and developments in African archaeology and related disciplines. The journal's main purpose is to provide scholars and students with a new pan-African forum for discussing relevant topics on the cultural dynamics of past African societies.

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

Journal contents:


Vol. 2 (1) 2004

back

D. Miller & D. Killick

Slag identification at southern African archaeological sites

Journal of African Archaeology, Vol. 2 (1), 2004, pages 23-47, DOI 10.3213/1612-1651-10017

Abstract
Slags and slag-like materials are ubiquitous components of southern African Iron Age sites. Their correct identification is crucial to understanding technological processes performed at these sites. This paper presents criteria for distinguishing between iron smelting slags, iron forging slags, copper smelting slags, crucible slags resulting from melting activities, vitrified clay and various biomass materials. Slag identification should entail a combination of morphology, microscopic study, chemical analysis, and assessment of the archaeological context. It is a necessarily specialist activity and superficial classification without materials analysis can be misleading. Archaeologists need to be mindful of both the archaeological opportunities and the potential technical difficulties in the interpretation of slags.

Résumé
On trouve des scories et autres résidus scoriacés sur tous les sites de l'âge de fer en Afrique australe. Il est indispensable de les identifier correctement pour comprendre les processus technologiques utilisés sur les sites explorés. Nous proposons des critères qui permettent de distinguer les scories provenant de la fonte du fer, du forgeage du fer, de la fonte du cuivre, les scories de creuset laissées par des opérations de fonte, argile et diverses biomasses vitrifiées. Pour identifier les scories, il convient de recourir à la fois à la morphologie, l'étude microscopique, l'analyse chimique et l'évaluation du contexte archéologique. L'identification est nécessairement un travail de spécialiste et une classification superficielle sans analyse des matériaux peut être source d'erreurs. Pour interpréter les scories, les archéologues doivent tenir compte et des perspectives archéologiques et des difficultés techniques possibles.




Keywords: copper, forging, gold, iron, slag, smelting, smithing


© Copyright: Africa Magna Verlag 2011
Cart
debug:::select id_product, count, internal_id from caw2_cart where userID='nKz16o27mh3RvMmdRMGxn4P05gw9IV2R4n6YkQbiW7wX4UzbJSZ5fRY5Tc0QPxLWOJlCg549EgJsctmU' and id_category='journals' order by timestamp
debug:::select id_product, count, internal_id from caw2_cart where userID='nKz16o27mh3RvMmdRMGxn4P05gw9IV2R4n6YkQbiW7wX4UzbJSZ5fRY5Tc0QPxLWOJlCg549EgJsctmU' and id_category='pdfs' order by timestamp
debug:::select id_product, count, internal_id from caw2_cart where userID='nKz16o27mh3RvMmdRMGxn4P05gw9IV2R4n6YkQbiW7wX4UzbJSZ5fRY5Tc0QPxLWOJlCg549EgJsctmU' and id_category='monographs' order by timestamp
debug:::select id_product, count, internal_id from caw2_cart where userID='nKz16o27mh3RvMmdRMGxn4P05gw9IV2R4n6YkQbiW7wX4UzbJSZ5fRY5Tc0QPxLWOJlCg549EgJsctmU' and id_category='subscriptions' order by timestamp
debug:::select id_product, count, internal_id from caw2_cart where userID='nKz16o27mh3RvMmdRMGxn4P05gw9IV2R4n6YkQbiW7wX4UzbJSZ5fRY5Tc0QPxLWOJlCg549EgJsctmU' and id_category='monographs_pdf' order by timestamp
Remember - If you order an online subscription, you will have full-text access to every Journal article since 2003 - Just log in.
Terms of Sale | Privacy Notice

Editorial Board

Editors:
Sonja Magnavita, Peter Breunig

Book Review Editor:
Katie Manning, UK

Editorial Advisory Board:
Graham Connah, Australia
Shadreck Chirikure, South Africa
A. Catherine D'Andrea, Canada
Manfred K.H. Eggert, Germany
Elena Garcea, Italy
Diane Gifford-Gonzalez, USA
Timothy Insoll, UK
Tom Huffman, South Africa
Eric Huysecom, Switzerland
David Killick, USA
Savino di Lernia, Italy
Alexandre Livingstone Smith, Belgium
Scott MacEachern, USA
David Mattingly, UK
Susan Keech McIntosh, USA
David W. Phillipson, UK
Gilbert Pwiti, Zimbabwe
Peter Robertshaw, USA
Robert Vernet, France
Lyn Wadley, South Africa

Copy Editors:
Nicolas Gestrich, UK
Sam Nixon, UK
Gaby Franke, Germany
Annabelle Gallin, France
Richard Byer, Germany

Editorial Assistance:
Anna Rybar, Germany
Carlos Magnavita, Germany


info@african-archaeology.de

© Copyright 2002 - - Africa Magna Verlag, Frankfurt
Webmaster: Nubis Limited, CMS: content@web 2.0