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Welcome to African Archaeology!

The Journal of African Archaeology is an international peer-reviewed periodical appearing half-yearly since 2003. It publishes original papers addressing recent research and developments in African archaeology and related disciplines. The journal's main purpose is to provide scholars and students with a new pan-African forum for discussing relevant topics on the cultural dynamics of past African societies.

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Vol. 1 (2) 2003

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S.K. McIntosh, D. Gallagher & R.J. McIntosh

Tobacco pipes from excavations at the Museum Site, Jenne, Mali

Journal of African Archaeology, Vol. 1 (2), 2003, pages 171-199, DOI 10.3213/1612-1651-10008

Abstract
Tobacco pipes are among the most frequently recorded artifacts from historic period sites in West Africa, and can be used to both establish tight chronologies and address issues of social and economic change. This paper is a discussion of the 300-year sequence of tobacco pipes recovered from excavations at Jenne, Mali in 1999. The assemblage, which includes over 300 fragments, is first placed in its historical and archaeological context. The pipes are fully described using a multivariate approach, and the results illustrate a clear sequence. Following a reassessment of Daget and Ligers' previously proposed pipe chronology for the Inland Niger Delta, the pipes are analyzed using two primary frames of reference. On a broad regional scale, the assemblage is compared with those from sites throughout West Africa, while on the local level possible motivations for the types of changes seen in the assemblage are discussed.

Résumé
Les pipes de tabac sont parmi les objets les plus fréquemment notés aux sites de l'Ouest African qui datent à la période historique. Elles peuvent étre utilisés à la fois pour établir des chronologies précises et pour aborder des questions de changements sociaux et économiques. Ce papier présente une séquence longue de 300 ans des pipes découvertes à Djenné (Mali) en 1999. L'ensemble des pipes, qui inclut plus de 300 fragments, est d'abord placé dans son contexte historique et archéologique. Les pipes sont largement décrites sur la base d'une approche multivariables et les résultats illustrent une séquence temporelle claire. Après une réévaluation de la chronologie proposée par Daget et Ligers, l'ensemble des pipes est discuté dans un cadre régional comparatif, tandis que'au niveau local les raisons possibles du changement dans l'ensemble sont proposées.




Keywords: Jenne, tobacco pipes, West Africa


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Editors:
Sonja Magnavita, Peter Breunig

Book Review Editor:
Katie Manning, UK

Editorial Advisory Board:
Graham Connah, Australia
Shadreck Chirikure, South Africa
A. Catherine D'Andrea, Canada
Manfred K.H. Eggert, Germany
Elena Garcea, Italy
Diane Gifford-Gonzalez, USA
Timothy Insoll, UK
Tom Huffman, South Africa
Eric Huysecom, Switzerland
David Killick, USA
Savino di Lernia, Italy
Alexandre Livingstone Smith, Belgium
Scott MacEachern, USA
David Mattingly, UK
Susan Keech McIntosh, USA
David W. Phillipson, UK
Gilbert Pwiti, Zimbabwe
Peter Robertshaw, USA
Robert Vernet, France
Lyn Wadley, South Africa

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Sam Nixon, UK
Gaby Franke, Germany
Annabelle Gallin, France
Richard Byer, Germany

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Carlos Magnavita, Germany


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