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Welcome to African Archaeology!

The Journal of African Archaeology is an international peer-reviewed periodical appearing half-yearly since 2003. It publishes original papers addressing recent research and developments in African archaeology and related disciplines. The journal's main purpose is to provide scholars and students with a new pan-African forum for discussing relevant topics on the cultural dynamics of past African societies.

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Vol. 1 (1) 2003

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E.A.A. Garcea

Animal exploitation and pottery technology during pastoral times: the evidence from Uan Telocat, Libyan Sahara

Journal of African Archaeology, Vol. 1 (1), 2003, pages 111-126, DOI 10.3213/1612-1651-10004

Abstract
This paper attempts to combine the artefactual with the economic evidence, based on the information recently gathered at Uan Telocat, a Pastoral site in the Tadrart Acacus (Libyan Sahara), where both ceramic and faunal indicators were present. This rock shelter yielded a stratigraphic sequence of the main Pastoral occupations in the Tadrart Acacus. The results of the latest excavations provided thorough information on technological variability and adaptation patterns from the earliest to the Late Pastoral phases. They also gave evidence for a specific ceramic production in the Early Pastoral period, that was previously stratigraphically unknown.
This paper also presents some of the features of the Pastoral phase and shows the developments of pottery and animal domesticates in parallel at different sites in the Tadrart Acacus with comparisons with the Haua Fteah, in coastal Libya. This site yielded the longest cultural sequence in northern Africa and therefore represents a valuable term of reference for research in this area. However, more differences than similarities will be outlined in this paper between the two areas, one located in the Sahara, in south-western Libya, and the other located in the eastern Mediterranean coasts of the country.

Résumé
Cet article tente de combiner les données matérielles et économiques du Pastoralisme du Sahara Central grâce aux témoins céramiques et fauniques découverts lors des récentes fouilles de Uan Telocat, site pastoral du Tadrart Acacus( Sahara libyen). Cet abri a livré une séquence stratigraphique où les principales occupations Pastorales du Tadrart Acacus sont présentes. Les dernières fouilles ont fourni des renseignements importants sur la variabilité technologique et sur les modèles d'adaptation depuis les phases d'occupation les plus anciennes jusqu'au Pastoral Récent. Une production céramique spécifique au Pastoral Ancien, jusqu'alors inconnue en contexte stratigraphique, a été mise au jour.
Cet article présente également les caractéristiques principales de la phase Pastorale et met en parallèles les développements de la poterie et de la domestication animale dans les divers sites du Tadrart Acacus et à Haua Fteah, sur la côte libyenne. Ce dernier site a fourni la séquence culturelle la plus longue d'Afrique du Nord et représente à ce titre une référence importante. Toutefois, il y a plus de différences que de similitudes entre les deux régions, l'une faisant partie du Sahara, dans le Sud-Ouest de la Libye, l'autre étant localisé sur la côte méditerranéenne du pays.




Keywords: bovids, Libya, ovicaprids, Pastoral Period, pottery technology, Sahara


© Copyright: Africa Magna Verlag 2011
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Editors:
Sonja Magnavita, Peter Breunig

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Katie Manning, UK

Editorial Advisory Board:
Graham Connah, Australia
Shadreck Chirikure, South Africa
A. Catherine D'Andrea, Canada
Manfred K.H. Eggert, Germany
Elena Garcea, Italy
Diane Gifford-Gonzalez, USA
Timothy Insoll, UK
Tom Huffman, South Africa
Eric Huysecom, Switzerland
David Killick, USA
Savino di Lernia, Italy
Alexandre Livingstone Smith, Belgium
Scott MacEachern, USA
David Mattingly, UK
Susan Keech McIntosh, USA
David W. Phillipson, UK
Gilbert Pwiti, Zimbabwe
Peter Robertshaw, USA
Robert Vernet, France
Lyn Wadley, South Africa

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Sam Nixon, UK
Gaby Franke, Germany
Annabelle Gallin, France
Richard Byer, Germany

Editorial Assistance:
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Carlos Magnavita, Germany


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